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Census reveals U.S. more ethnically diverse

Census reveals U.S. more ethnically diverse Census reveals U.S. more ethnically diverse
Kaitlyn Clay, Staff Writer, [email protected]

The U.S. Census Bureau was able to release more data from the 2020 count during a briefing Thursday.

The demographic information it presented in regard to how the population identified will be used to redraw voting districts, enforce antidiscrimination laws and inform research and policy making.

It seems the U.S. is becoming more and more diverse as the White population dropped — from 63.7% in 2010 to 57.8% in 20201 — for the first time on record. Census Bureau officials credited this to the falling birth rates among White women compared with Hispanic and Asian women.

“The U.S. population is much more multiracial and much more racially and ethnically diverse than what we have measured in the past,” said Nicholas Jones, the director of race and ethnicity research and outreach at the bureau.

Officials also noted there is a possibility that the number is not shrinking as much as it is shifting to multiracial identities. The officials noted that the number of people who identified as belonging to two or more races more than tripled, from nine million in 2010 to 33.8 million in 2020, accounting for 10% of the population.

In Indiana specifically, the data showed that the state was also part of the national trend toward more racial diversity as the White population fell to 77.2% in 2020 from 84.3% in 2010. The Black population grew to 9.6% in 2020 from 9.1% in 2010, the Hispanic population grew to 8.2% from 6% and the Asian population went to 2.5% from 1.6%. The number of people identifying as having two or more races in the state was 6.4%, as compared to 2% from 2010.

Nearly all the growth in population occurred in metropolitan areas across the country. About 80% of metropolitan areas saw gains as more people in small counties moved to neighboring larger ones.

The U.S. population as a whole increased to 331,449,281 in 2020. This was a growth of 7.4%, the lowest rate since the 1930s. Indiana saw a growth of about 4.7%, from 6,483,802 in 2010 to 6,785,528 in 2020.

The release of this data offers states their first chance to redraw their political districts. Republicans have control of the redistricting process in Indiana as they hold the governor’s office and have the majority in both chambers. Republican legislative leaders plan to have House and Senate members return to Indianapolis in late September to vote on the new election districts.

The Census Bureau will release the next two rounds of 2020 Census operational quality metrics this month. On Aug. 18, the Census Bureau will provide summary county- and tract-level information by state for a limited set of previously released operational quality metrics. The metrics will not be available for individual counties or tracts, but rather they provide the average rates, median and standard deviations for the state’s counties and tracts, respectively.

On Aug. 25, the Census Bureau will provide item nonresponse rates for the population count, age or date of birth, race and Hispanic origin questions. These rates will be available for the nation, 50 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. The Census Bureau will discuss each release in blog posts.